Hunger and poverty is the part of our world. The world is full of misery and 70 percent people live on planet earth face insufficient provision from basic life amenities. Even various developed and biggest countries of the world have somewhat greater parts where people use to life their life below than average so there is everywhere poverty that one cannot deny in whatsoever case. There are many NGOs and international organizations that are working for ending poverty from the face of the world but the challenges are many and the resources are insufficient. Moreover, regional, and political matters in view of international relation between states does matter which is a biggest hurdle in removal of poverty from our world. There are many indicators to measure poverty in a country. But according to the Multidimensional Poverty Index (WPI), used by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) these are the 10 poorest in the world in 2015. For this analysis, countries were taken into account of parameters such as: years of schooling of the population, infant mortality, nutrition, and access to electricity, access to safe water, hygiene and household goods such as radio access television. Check here the list of Top 10 Poorest Countries In The World 2015.
10. Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone has had numerous military coups, political conflicts erupted in 1991 in a civil war that ended in 2002 and devastated the economy. This year also had to deal with one of the worst epidemics of the modern world: the Ebola outbreak. Sierra Leone is known for diamond and rich valuable recourses under the soils and mountains and even in under water and this is the reason why this country is the spring board of Western imperialists like America, England, France, and Italy etc.
9. Equatorial Guinea
Two thirds of the population of Equatorial Guinea live in extreme poverty despite the country has the highest gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in sub-Saharan Africa thanks to its oil and minerals such as bauxite, diamonds, gold and aluminum. But companies and corrupt governments prevent people thrive with less than 30% literacy. Guinea is another country with rich resources but unfortunately European countries do not want peace in any African country that is comprised with natural resources and this is why they kept wages war and instability in these poor African countries so that they never have chance for whatever is taken out from their countries and undermining them.
Liberia, since 1990, has suffered a civil war by the friction between different ethnic groups. This situation has forced nearly half the population to flee their homes and many have died of starvation. Liberia is another example of West exploitation.
7. Central African Republic
Security problems, a deep structural crisis and several years of misrule, are destroying the Central African Republic for over 40 years.
Somalia, which ended a 20-year dictatorship with the coup of 1991 brings a deep instability. The country is fragmented by conflict for power and territory. One of the many problems in its development is the climate, marked by hot all year.
Burundi has the second lowest per capita GDP according to the World Bank, after the Democratic Republic of Congo. Burundi’s GDP is low due to civil wars and corruption.
4. Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso has few natural resources and most are for own consumption, the country depends on the agricultural economy, insufficient to offset population growth.
Malnutrition, lack of basic sanitation and damage caused by diseases such as malaria is part of the everyday problems of the population that remains one of the world’s poorest countries.
Ethiopia is the 14th most populous country in the world, ranked 169 of 177 countries in the Human Development Index. The majority of the 85 million people who live there support wars with countries like Eritrea for decades. The Ethiopian government estimates that 81% of the population survives on less than two dollars a day.
Niger is according to the latest UN study is at first position in Top 10 Poorest Countries In The World 2015 list. The harsh weather conditions with continuous droughts country, determine an almost permanent state of food insecurity for the people of Niger. Life expectancy is 44 years.